User manual at a law firm

Are Digital Machine User Manuals Illegal?

The transition from paper to digital user manuals for machinery offers significant advantages but requires careful attention to legal compliance. The EU's new Machinery Regulation (EU) 2023/1230 explicitly allows digital user instructions, mandating accessibility, clarity, and the provision of paper copies upon request. Similarly, UK regulations support digital formats as long as essential safety information is accessible. Ensuring compliance involves adhering to these guidelines while leveraging the benefits of digital documentation for efficient and secure machinery management.

The transition from paper to digital user manuals for machinery presents numerous advantages. However, ensuring compliance with legal requirements is crucial for manufacturers and operators. Below, we explore the relevant legislation in the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) concerning the use of digital user manuals.

Scissor Lift with EU flag

European Union Legislation

The EU has recently updated its regulations to accommodate digital user manuals. The new Machinery Regulation (EU) 2023/1230, which replaces the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC, explicitly allows for digital user instructions. Key points include:

  1. Digital Format Allowed: Manufacturers can provide user instructions digitally. This must be indicated clearly on the machinery, its packaging, or an accompanying document.
  2. Accessibility Requirements: Digital instructions must be downloadable and printable, ensuring users can access them offline and keep them for the machinery’s lifetime, plus at least ten years after the first sale.
  3. Mandatory Paper Copies: Upon request at the time of purchase, manufacturers must provide a paper version of the instructions at no extra cost within one month. For machinery intended for non-professional use, essential safety information must be provided in paper format by default.
  4. Language and Clarity: Instructions must be available in a language easily understood by the users, varying by Member State, to ensure clarity and usability.

The new regulation aims to reflect current technological advancements and is set to fully replace the old directive by January 2027​ (EU OSHA)​​ (CompliantUserManuals)​.

United Kingdom Legislation

JCB with UK flag

In the UK, the use of digital user manuals is also evolving under similar regulatory frameworks:

  1. Health and Safety at Work Act 1974: Sections 3 and 6 require that equipment provided must be safe and without health risks, which includes ensuring that all necessary information is accessible to the operator.
  2. Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008: This mandates that all machinery, whether new or used, must be supplied with adequate information, typically in the form of user manuals and safety decals. The regulation does not explicitly mandate the medium (paper or digital), but manufacturers must ensure that essential safety information is always accessible.
  3. Machinery Directive 1.7.4: Similar to the EU regulation, this directive requires that all machinery be accompanied by instructions. If opting for digital formats, it is crucial that users can download and print these manuals to access necessary information like pre-use inspection checklists or emergency procedures​ (CompliantUserManuals)​.

Compliance and Best Practices

While the regulations do not specifically prohibit the use of digital user manuals, compliance requires that:

  • Accessibility: Users must have easy access to all necessary information, whether online or offline.
  • Usability: Digital manuals should be designed to be intuitive and easy to navigate.
  • Security and Reliability: Measures should be taken to ensure that digital documentation is as secure and reliable as paper versions.

By including digital versions of manuals alongside traditional paper ones, businesses can ensure compliance with legal requirements while benefiting from the numerous advantages digital formats offer. CapjaDocs, for instance, provides a secure, user-friendly platform for dynamic documentation, making it an ideal solution for modern machinery management.

Practical Considerations

User Manual in the mud

Of course, there are challenges to having a QR code, and it is essential to consider that a user may have poor or no signal, no mobile battery, or no access to a smartphone. In these cases, a paper user manual may be the only choice. However, these instances could be few and far between. As a best practice, users can download the user manual in advance to ensure access even without connectivity.

For further details, you can refer to the EU’s Machinery Regulation 2023/1230 and the UK’s Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008.


This article provides an overview of the legal use of digital user manuals based on our interpretation of the Machinery Regulation (EU) 2023/1230 and the UK Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008. It is important for companies to verify the specific legal requirements applicable to their region and industry for themselves. We recommend consulting official legislative documents and seeking professional legal advice to ensure full compliance with all relevant health and safety regulations. Our intention is to support best practices in machinery management and safety, but this article should not be considered a substitute for legal guidance.

Please always check your local legislation/laws, it is always best to be safe!

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